art

Kolomenskoye is one of the most unusual and mysterious places in Moscow

“History, carved in stone,” it’s a common expression is fully applicable to the Metropolitan Museum-reserve “Kolomenskoye”. The snow-white Church of the ascension built in the XVI century the Grand Duke Vasily III. Luxurious Royal gates built in the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich. On a nearby hill stands the Church of St. John the Baptist, built in honor of his accession to the throne of Ivan the terrible. But in Kolomenskoye is another special attraction. And not man-made and natural. This is the famous Voice of the ravine, which the number of stacked legends about him significantly ahead of all other local relics.

The origin of the name “Voters ravine” experts explain in different ways. The romance associated with his “voices of nature”. Indeed, in the summer there are always singing birds, chirping crickets and roaring water in the Creek.

However, more convincing seems to be another version of the mythological. Historians believe that originally, the ravine was called “hair” by the name of Volos, or Veles, the pagan God – the ruler of the underworld and the patron of domestic animals. Continue reading

The Boulevard Haussmann in Paris

Signifying an important part of the “Quarter Grands boulevards”, Osman (FR. Le boulevard Haussmann) is the longest on the right Bank of the Seine. His start this wide and rapid Parisian Boulevard takes on the Italian Boulevard (Boulevard des Italiens), intersects with the Strasbourg Boulevard (Boulevard de Strasbourg), in an effort to the Republic square (Place Republique) and imperceptibly into the Boulevard Montmartre (Boulevard Montmartre) is located in 2 km from the quarter. The total length of the Boulevard Haussmann – more than 2.5 kilometers, it is because it is located in two Central neighborhoods of Paris – VIII and IX.

Ottoman shade Alsatian names: the history of the name

His sonorous name b-R Osman is not due to the influence of the Ottoman Empire on the development of the city of Paris. Haussmann, Georges – Ezhena (Georges Eugene baron Haussmann) is a Baron, prefect of the city of Paris 1851-1870. According to a chronicle of the French capital, once on the place where today lies a modern Boulevard, stood a small house surrounded by a garden and it belonged to Alsace, Nicolas Osman, the intendant of Napoleon’s Army. Continue reading

The material and the construction of a Gothic Cathedral

The basis of Gothic design amounted to a cross ribbed vault (a rib – shaped protruding rib of a Gothic cross vault). Usually the edges of the arch emphasized the projecting rows of stones, and the use of Lancet arches to maintain the arches that were known in previous periods. But together these and other parts of the Gothic design has received a new Boolean value.

Scheme of ribbed vault
In Gothic has changed the system of a masonry ribbed vault. The ribs are now completed with the erection of the arch, and preceded him. 4 support was originally connected jaw arches (the arches at the ends of the arch), then threw two diagonal arches of ogive. This design was the skeleton of a future set. Forming the arch are called ribs. They were designed to bear and seal Stripping posted from lightweight slabs of stone. Ribbed arch favorably with a massive Romanesque by the fact that the point of application of the forces of gravity and thrust has Continue reading