The views from the tower Dovmont
In 1982, for the first time since the 1950s, repaired the roof and praporom the Dovmont (Smerda) tower, first mentioned in 1433, and laid over now Smetime gate of the…

Continue reading →

Dolmens in the Crimea: the mysterious "Taurus boxes"
Dolmen s is one of the most well-known types of megalithic structures - usually associated with Western Europe. The word "dolmen", meaning "stone table", refers to the Celtic group of…

Continue reading →

Monastery Chelter-Marmara

Cave monastery Chelter-Marmara is located 1.5 km North-West from village Ternovka in the cliff Chelter-Kaya. The hallmark of the monastery is a huge hall of columns, the stone arch supported by the 5 strong pillars. In the Eastern part of the grotto is the Church, it is distinctly noticeable is the basis for the throne with an indentation for the relics.
Many Christian churches arose in those places that Jesus was worshiped as sacred. One such structure can be considered the cave monastery Chelter-Marmara, which occurred simultaneously with the Shuldan (VIII century), but more significant in size. Chelter translated as “grill”, Marmara – the name of the medieval village, situated at the foot of the mountains. There are more than 50 caves located in four tiers: cells, refectory, household and utility rooms, 4 Church. In ancient times they were connected by wooden stairs, balconies, galleries, looked like openwork lattice.

Caves 2 and 5 tier – a single ensemble and have a common move-the gate on the Eastern edge of the second tier. To her from the foot of the rock stairs carved into the rock stairs. It is poorly preserved, but shows that the entrance to the monastery was located in a shallow recess so that one side was rock and the other rock wall.

The hallmark of the monastery is a huge hall of columns (32 meters long), the stone arch supported by the 5 strong pillars. In the Eastern part of the grotto is the Church, it is distinctly noticeable is the basis for the throne with an indentation for the relics. In the wall is the altar and the window. Along the wall stretches bench near where the floor in five graves. In the same cave, on the other side, carved tarapan. Around the monastery to this day are thickets of wild grape. The third tier, most likely served as housing for the monks, it is a separate, solitary cell. The walls of these caverns are distinguishable remnants of openings, probably, that in case of bad weather to close the shutters.

The fifth tier is the upper plateau, on which through a natural failure, you may go to the chapel. The land buildings standing on the slopes, did not survive. During the Mongol-Tatar invasion both of the monastery died.