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The monastery of St. Theodore Stratelates (Chelter-Koba)

Chelter-Koba is one of the cave monasteries of the Crimea, which is located in Bakhchisaray region, in the valley of Belbek river, at a distance of one kilometer from the village Bolshaya Sadovaya (Tash-Basta). Translated from the Crimean Tatar language the name of Chelter-Koba means Lattice-cave or Cave grill.

Chelter-Koba is one of the cave monasteries of the Crimea, which is located in Bakhchisaray region, in the valley of Belbek river, at a distance of one kilometer from the village Bolshaya Sadovaya (Tash-Basta). Translated from the Crimean Tatar language the name of Chelter-Koba means Lattice-cave or Cave grill (çilter — grill, netting;. qoba — cave).

Like many monasteries Tauris, he founded the Orthodox monastery from the Byzantine Empire, probably in the XIII—XIV centuries on the Northern borders of the Principality of Theodoro, near Syurenskaya fortress.

The monastery complex consists of the main cave temple, cells and refectory, connected by a hewn in the rock monolith trails. The main temple of the monastery dedicated to the great Martyr Theodore Stratilat. He is revered as the patron of the Orthodox army. To the South from the monastery complex is the source positioned at the beginning of the beam Chorus-chorus.

In the monastery there are more than 50 caves located in 4 tiers. In one of the lower tiers is allocated a huge room with five columns, resembling a pagan sanctuary. Almost a third of the room is “the platform”, which is considered a giant press. The Eastern edge of this cave is processed in the form of a small Christian Church.

The ruined monastery in the XV century, when the Turkish army invaded the Eastern and southern Crimea. In 1475 another group of Turks was on Mangup, to subdue the inhabitants of the capital of the Principality of Theodoro. On the way turned out to be this helpless and harmless monastyrok, and the Ottomans destroyed it effortlessly.

Since then, the monastery is another small Museum of Byzantine Orthodoxy. Since the beginning of 2000-ies under reconstruction. Divine services were resumed in the main temple, restored some of the cells and the belfry.