The oldest building in the world
The pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara is the oldest surviving in the world architectural buildings. It was built prominent Egyptian architect and Supreme dignitary of Djoser by Imhotep around 2650 BC as a burial structure for the Egyptian Pharaoh and his entire family. Pyramid was the first in Ancient Egypt, her height was 62 m, and the size of its Foundation was 121 109 meters.
The oldest structures also include the pyramid of Sneferu in Medumi . built around 2600 BC. The pyramid had a height of 118 meters with the base 146 146 meters. Also the oldest architectural structures are the Egyptian pyramids of Cheops and Chephren. One of the largest of the pyramids of Egypt – pyramid of Cheops is one of the seven wonders of the world, preserved to our days. Its construction began around the year 2560 BC and lasted for more than 20 years. The pyramid of Khafre was built about the year 2532 BC, it is considered the second largest ancient Egyptian pyramid, with the base 215,3 215,3 meters.
European settlement of Skara Brae on the Orkney Islands in Scotland, which is well preserved to our days, is also one of the oldest monuments of architecture. The settlement was built around 2,500 years BC, it consisted of 10 houses, which were connected to each other by covered walkways.There was Central heating, and water storage tanks, toilets and furniture. This object is included in the world heritage list of UNESCO.
The construction of Stonehenge in England is another ancient building, was erected in three stages between 3500 and 1100 years BC. It is not known who and for what purpose erected this construction, therefore, Stonehenge continues to occupy the minds of scientists all over the world and still is a mystery stone in the heart of Europe.
The Egyptian temple of Queen Hatshepsut was built around 1473 BC, it is located at the foot of the cliffs of Deir El Bahri and is significantly different from other temples of the Egyptian rulers. This Church with majestic columns is an excellent architectural complex, striking the imagination of millions of people to this day.
The oldest sculptures on Earth — the statue of the Great Sphinx appeared around 1400 BC. The height of 20 meters and a length of 73 meters, the Sphinx stands on the West Bank of the Nile, guarding the eternal rest of the pharaohs buried around him.
Mamertin prison in Rome . which is one of the oldest buildings in the city, was built about the year 578 BC. Located at the foot of Capitol hill, it was a place, where he was held for state criminals condemned to death. Their popularity, the prison was due to the fact that detainees were saints and martyrs. Here, according to legend, before his execution was kept by the apostles Peter and Paul.
The oldest building in Moscow is the Cathedral of the Dormition in the Moscow Kremlin . built from 1475 to 1479 under the direction of Italian architect Aristotle Fioravanti. At the moment the temple is in the State historical-cultural Museum-preserve “the Moscow Kremlin” and is under state protection. The divine services are held only on certain days with the blessing of the Patriarch.