India and Persia
With all the richness and diversity of philosophical systems, schools, teachings, traditions and trends existing in India, with all its multiplicity of languages, castes, religions and sects, we still can speak about the phenomenon of Indian or even Indo-Iranian thinking because the basis of all the above options is the same view of the world, which was formed at the turn of the era of Taurus and Aries and so perfect and self-sufficient that any subsequent basic innovations, whether they originated within the Indian culture, like Buddhism, or are introduced externally as Christianity, just rejected then as unnecessary or “digested” by being demoted to the ranks, particularly small one and indivisible doctrine.
The brief history of the development of this doctrine or, more precisely, thinking is this. It takes its origin in the era of Taurus is already known postulate “the world is perfect and there is no need to change it,” but its current form it has taken only at the beginning of the age of Aries, after the invasion of the Indo-Aryan (“white replacing black”, remember the theory of the Seven races). The hardships of this era of conquest was added to the above postulate the second part: “Man is flawed and must change.” In this spirit and were made the first drafts of the Vedas. The end of the era of Aries, the era of finalizing the sacred books and zarojdeniya of Salvation (VI-III century BC) under the influence of the coming of the age of Pisces has added to this formula, the third part: “change is the pledge of Salvation.” Thus, at the latest to the III century BC this worldview is formed completely and further not subject to appeal, because this formula has been so comprehensive that all younger doctrines (Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, etc.) or was covered far and overlap it like a huge hat or rejected as foolish and primitive (if, for example, has proposed to change not the person, and the world and his device). The esoteric meaning of this formula is obvious and requires no comment.
It is hoped that in the period of transition from age of Pisces to age of Aquarius to this formula is added the fourth part to the spirit of modern times.
Again, I mean here only the esoteric, i.e. the highest capable of the highest generalizations of social and individual consciousness: it is necessary to descend even a step lower to the level of “just” philosophy or religion, arguments and contradictions: the world exists or is just an illusion, what kind of God is more important, etc. However, it is pervasive esotericism of Indian religions and philosophies allows you to remove these contradictions, thanks to which the defenders of the most polar points of view never went to showdown with a sword in his hands, and recognized each other’s right to Express a common world view in any private forms. That’s something I can understand many Western scholars of Indian culture (see eg. Chattopadhyaya D. History of Indian philosophy. M. “Progress”, 1966).
What is the Indian concept of esotericism, if the formula to expand?
About cosmogonies of ancient peoples in General and Indians in particular we have already spoken. “In the beginning there was nothing”, then there is chaos. Then this chaos began to take shape some structure, from which arose the World Egg — the germ of the Universe (the Myths of Ancient India. Lit. presentation by V. G. Erman and E. N. Temkina. M. “Nauka”, 1975). If you approach it from a numerological standpoint (especially because the “Arabic” numerals that we use, are actually of Indian origin), the chaos obviously corresponds to “zero”.
However, what constitutes a unit is a World Egg? But it is already binary, because it contains the center and periphery, “yolk” and “albumen”. However, the egg — not the universe, for it is lifeless, until fertilized. And fertilization is again the unit will remember the picturesque myth of the Linga of Shiva, disturbing mirovye water. May be easier to assume that zero (chaos) also has its own “zero” stage of development?
The idea that the egg resembles a small model of the Solar system, came to the people in the head in ancient times. Exploring the egg, they draw conclusions about the structure of the Solar system, and these findings were correct. But we already know that the relationship between the two structures is not causal (that is not to say that one is causing the other), and teleological: in our Universe are the same laws (i.e., these events have the same cause).
This simple and again a comprehensive picture of the creation of the world loved the Europeans in the late nineteenth century, after “discovery of India” by the British. Long boring question: “how to understand the statement of the six days of creation” seemed quite solvable. E. P. Blavatsky developed in detail the problem of the “zero” state of the Universe, highlighting three stages of development: a single abstract space (the chaos without any patterns), the mark: the circle (symbolizing the Sun without a period), the potential space inside the abstract (the origin of the structure), the sign: the Sun, virgin and mother Nature (the Egg), mark, a circle with a horizontal stripe.
Then there is also the interesting question of what exactly caused the emergence of patterns in chaos. Ancient Indians and later the Theosophists explained this to the influence of some internal factors, intrinsic to the chaos. Simple logic interpolation leads us to the conclusion about the identity of this “uncertainty” the concept of the absolute or God who is all, and primarily nature in all its stages of development, even the most primary and pre-primary.