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Admiral St Volodymyr’s Cathedral

The Cathedral laid on 15 July 1854 on the Central city hill. During the war, 1854-55 work were preostanovlena and continued only in 1858 the Cathedral was built in Byzantine style by the Professor of architecture K. A. Ton, the original project was modified and changed by academician A. A. Avdeyev.
The history of the Cathedral began in 1825, when chief commander of the black sea fleet and the ports Admiral A. S. Graig asked the Imperial permission to install a monument on the ruins of Chersonese, where they were baptised kN. Vladimir and where started the spread of the Orthodox faith in Russia. In 1829 a competition was announced for the monument. Was approved the project of architect K. A. ton (1794 – 1881) – a five-dome Cathedral in Russian and Byzantine style, combining characteristic elements and forms of old Russian architecture with elements and forms of Byzantine architecture.

Admiral St Volodymyr’s Cathedral

Originally the Church of St. Prince Vladimir was supposed to be built on the territory of Chersonese, but in 1842, on the petition of Admiral M. P. Lazarev, concerned at the insufficient number of Orthodox churches in Sevastopol, it was decided the construction of the Cathedral in the city centre. Preparatory work began in 1848, In 1851, died the Admiral M. P. Lazarev, the chief commander of the black sea fleet, and in the memory of his services, it was decided to bury him in a specially constructed crypt on the site of the future Cathedral. He was laid as a cult construction during the Crimean war – July 15, 1854. It was supposed to build the Church for three years, but by the beginning of the defense of Sevastopol had only to bring the Foundation, build the walls and vaults of the basement with the basement. Military action in the Crimea and Sevastopol in 1854-1855 interrupted construction. Before boarding the enemy in Crimea managed to build the basement level, towering above the ground at 60-90 cm During the defense of Sevastopol in the crypt where reposed the remains of Admiral M. P. Lazarev, was buried by his students and followers admirals V. A. Kornilov, V. I. Istomin, P. S. Nakhimov. So still not built, the Cathedral became the burial place of admirals, a monument to defense of Sevastopol in 1854-1855 the construction of the Cathedral was continued in 1858 and completed in 1888. The initial draft was modified by the architect A. A. Avdeyev (1818 – 1895 gg.) and approved in 1862, Instead of the planned five dome now built a single dome structure with the same dimensions and elements of Russian-Byzantine style in architecture. The lower temple was consecrated in the name of Saint Nicholas on 5 October 1881, the top – of the Holy equal to the apostles Prince Vladimir in 1888. The height of the Cathedral with a cross – 32.5 m; width – 20 m; the length of the porch and the altar, is 29 m. In the Cathedral of Vladimir and is also buried participants of defense of Sevastopol, officers: I. A. Shestakov, P. A. Karpov, S. T. Tyrtov, P. A. Pereleshin, Defabr M. I., V. P. Schmidt, I. M. Dikov. The black sea fleet of the late XIX – early XX centuries – S. P. Tyrtov, G. P. Chukhnin, M. P. Sablin, and I. A. Shestakov, managing in the 80-ies of XIX century the Marine Department. Until 1917, St. Vladimir’s Cathedral was held at the Maritime Department. In 1932 the Cathedral was closed and it has consistently hosted the workshops of Aviation building society, then store the political Directorate of the black sea fleet.

Admiral St Volodymyr’s Cathedral

During the great Patriotic war Vladimir Cathedral was badly damaged. After the restoration, a decision which was made in 1966, and in 1972 the building was donated to the Museum of heroic defense and liberation of Sevastopol. The exposition created in the upper part of the building will tell the history of the city and the monument, the renowned admirals buried here. September 19, 1991 took place the consecration of the Cathedral. Rarest and significant icons of the Mother of God: “sovereign” and “the inexhaustible Cup”. On the inner walls of the Cathedral with lead lettering on marble plates are written the names of thirty-three heroes of the first defense, awarded the order of St. George.