The most ancient temples of Kiev
Saint Sophia Cathedral
When erected: 1017-1022 or until 1037. The Church was founded at the beginning of the 18th century, when it was renovated in the Ukrainian Baroque style. The work was sponsored by Hetman Ivan Mazepa.
At which the Prince built: Volodymyr the Great, Yaroslav the Wise
What is remarkable: the only Church of Kiev and Ukraine, a fully preserved pre-Mongol times (considered to be the pre-Mongol period up to 1240 years). The interior of the Cathedral boasts unique frescoes of the 11th-12th centuries, including paintings, created by artists from Byzantium. In addition, in this temple is the famous sarcophagus, in which was buried one of the founders of the Cathedral Yaroslav the Wise. Unfortunately, recent scientific examination has established that in the stone burial vault are the remains of a young woman of Scandinavian type. What happened to the ashes of the Prince, and when he disappeared – still not installed. According to some researchers, the remains of Yaroslav the Wise are in a private collection, new York, USA.
Trinity gate Church of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
When erected: the Church was built in 1106-1108, as part of the fortifications of the monastery.
At what was built: the Church was founded by the grandson of the Kiev and Chernigov Prince Svyatoslav Yaroslavich (it is noteworthy that this ruler died from the first known Rus on surgery, speaking the language of the chronicle, “from cutting gelva”). It is worth noting that the founder of Trinity Church, being the heir to the throne, refused the title of Prince – unprecedented for those times the deed and became a monk under the name Nicholas Svyatosha. This man founded the first in Kievan Rus ‘official’ hospital.
What is remarkable: gate Church of the Trinity is the only survivor after the invasion of 1240 years ground structure of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. Art painting in East and West facade a unique recognized as a valuable monument of Ukrainian fine art of the early 18th century. Interestingly, the names of the artists who painted the Church, were installed only recently.
St. Michael’s Cathedral vydubytsky monastery
When erected: built in 1070-1088,
At what was built: the temple was founded by great Kiev Prince Vsevolod, son of Yaroslav the Wise – the ruler, who owned five languages and has been very high, as in those days, the level of culture. Unlike many other representatives of the ruling elite of Kievan Rus’, Vsevolod remained in one’s lifetime portrait of him can still be seen on one of the walls of St. Sophia.
What is remarkable: during restoration work in the 70-ies of the last century at the Mikhailovsky Cathedral quite by chance (under a layer of frescoes of the 17th-18th centuries, the researchers were not supposed to find later) discovered a unique painting of the 11th century. In the mid-17th-century Church, which was ruined in the flash floods, was rebuilt at his expense, a well-known Metropolitan Petro Mohyla. In these days of pre-Mongol period remains two walls with the characteristic masonry of the period of Kievan Rus.
Transfiguration Church in Berestove (Church of the Saviour at Berestove)
When constructed: late 11th – early 12th century. The exact date is unknown. First mentioned in the Chronicles in 1072
At which the Prince built: according to the traditional version, built the famous Kievan Prince Vladimir Monomakh
What is remarkable: after the destruction of Kiev by the Mongol-Tatar Horde was in ruins for about 400 years – until the first half of the 17th century. After that, in 1640-1644-ies, was rebuilt in the Ukrainian Baroque style for the money, all the same Peter Graves and re-painted by Greek masters. The temple is well preserved frescos of the 17th century, but the real sensation was the discovery in 1970 by a miracle survived fragments of frescoes of the 11th-12th centuries. By the way, in the Church of our Savior on Berestove in 1157, the year was buried the founder of Moscow – Prince Yuri Dolgoruky.
The Church of Cyril of Alexandria (St. Cyril Church)
When erected: the first half of the 12th century – the year 1139.
At what was built: the construction of the Church was completed in 1139, the year – on his accession to the throne of Kyiv Chernihiv Prince Vsevolod olhovych.
What is remarkable: In 1194, the year in St. Cyril’s Church was buried the hero of the poem “the Word about Igor’s regiment” Prince Svyatoslav of Kiev. As the country residence and the family burial vault of this temple was used by the representatives of the dynasty of the ol’govichi. In 60-ies of the 19th-century St. Cyril’s Church became the center of public attention: under the layers of painting of the 18th century were discovered frescoes of the 12th century. Work on the restoration and reconstruction of ancient wall paintings was entrusted to a group of famous artists, including the cult of Mikhail Vrubel. Among other things, is to say that the architecture of St. Cyril’s Church is almost completely preserved features of the 12th century – the era when this unique monument was created.
By the way, according to ancient legends, it is near the Church, near St. Cyril’s mountains, and home to the legendary fairy tale character dragon.