Kachi Kalion rock is situated on the spurs of the Inner ridge of the Crimean mountains, eight kilometres to the South of Bakhchisaray. Popular version of interpretation Kachi-Kalion – “cross ship” – with a known share of imagination on the cliff you can see the miraculous likeness of the Grand cross, formed by rock fractures.
Kachi Kalion rock is situated on the spurs of the Inner ridge of the Crimean mountains, eight kilometres to the South of Bakhchisaray. Reliable data on the origin of the name Kachi-Kalion yet. Popular version of interpretation as “cross ship” – with a known share of imagination on the cliff you can see the miraculous likeness of the Grand cross, formed by rock fractures. Like other Byzantine fortifications, the citadel has arisen in VI century the fortress Area of about 1.5 ha. In areas of gentle sloping can see the remains of a defensive wall made of hewn blocks and gate protected with a rectangular tower. Rock cuttings settlement are located in five natural grottoes and around them, there are about 150 different rooms, connected by terraces and staircases, wooden structures which, of course, did not survive. Continue reading
The pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara is the oldest surviving in the world architectural buildings. It was built prominent Egyptian architect and Supreme dignitary of Djoser by Imhotep around 2650 BC as a burial structure for the Egyptian Pharaoh and his entire family. Pyramid was the first in Ancient Egypt, her height was 62 m, and the size of its Foundation was 121 109 meters.
The oldest structures also include the pyramid of Sneferu in Medumi . built around 2600 BC. The pyramid had a height of 118 meters with the base 146 146 meters. Also the oldest architectural structures are the Egyptian pyramids of Cheops and Chephren. One of the largest of the pyramids of Egypt – pyramid of Cheops is one of the seven wonders of the world, preserved to our days. Its construction began around the year 2560 BC and lasted for more than 20 years. The pyramid of Khafre was built about the year 2532 BC, it is considered the second largest ancient Egyptian pyramid, with the base 215,3 215,3 meters. Continue reading
Dolmen s is one of the most well-known types of megalithic structures – usually associated with Western Europe. The word “dolmen”, meaning “stone table”, refers to the Celtic group of languages. Therefore, the dolmens in the Crimea often cause surprise among wide sections of the public. But the Crimean dolmens are interesting to scientists because they differ from most of European or Caucasian dolmens.
Dolmens in Crimea – these dolmens
Around the Crimean dolmens there is a lot of speculation. They occur usually among the enthusiasts, for whom the dolmens have some kind of mystical and esoteric meaning. In the first place can be found the assertion that the dolmens in Crimea allegedly “genuine” dolmens and mysterious modification of ancient buildings. For “true” same issue numerous dolmens the dolmens of the North Caucasus, with specific design features. The most well-known Caucasian dolmens, megalithic structures of four massive stone slabs. Three panels installed vertically, the fourth was placed on top, forming a unique cover. The remaining blank side of the laid stones, and in this wall were left round otvetstvennogo diameter. Continue reading