The bases, foundations and underground structures
The pumping unit 429 Aggressiveness groundwater 68, 197, 397 Amplitude of oscillations of the Foundation 226, 227, 228 Anisotropism of a ground 59, 274 Anchor 106, 128, 395 — contraction…

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Lithuania:Three capitals-Vilnius - Kaunas - Trakai
Lithuania is one of the countries of the Baltic sea coast with beautiful sandy beaches, clean air, colorful scenery, an abundance of historical and architectural monuments. The Capital Of Lithuania…

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restoration

Ancient Architecture

Art is in our lives an important place. Since ancient times, people did all kinds of crafts, worked wonders with his hands, poured his soul into their products.

Different styles of art endured in our day. We use them in our interior designs, we decorate their room, we do arts and crafts to satisfy their inner desires and feelings.

Very popular is the restoration of the stucco. manufacture of cornices, friezes, corbels and other decorative details of plaster. All these decorations make our spaces, our homes are individual, stylish and unique. All thanks to the art that once upon a time originated in our culture.

The legacy of ancient Greek architecture is the basis for all further development of world architecture and related monumental art. The reasons for this sustained impact of Greek architecture lie in its objective qualities: simplicity, truthfulness, clarity of the compositions, the harmoniousness and proportionality of total and forms of all parts, in plasticity organic connection of architecture and sculpture, in close unity of the architectural and aesthetic and structural-tectonic elements sooruzheniy. Ancient Greek architecture featured a full line of forms and their design bases, were a whole. Basic design — stone blocks of which the walls were laid. Continue reading

The views from the tower Dovmont

In 1982, for the first time since the 1950s, repaired the roof and praporom the Dovmont (Smerda) tower, first mentioned in 1433, and laid over now Smetime gate of the Kremlin, the level of which it is possible now to understand the level Veche square. Dovmont town in Pskov called the springs “City Domantovo wall”.

Dovmontova tower is completely distorted Gothic pseudohistorical the mid-nineteenth century, have been researched and published materials of the Discharge order stored in the Moscow Archives of the Ministry of Justice (the famous volume DEPARTMENT that appeared in the early twentieth century before World War I) and its containing a list of the Pskov fortress, prepared, generally, by the Governor and containing sufficiently detailed descriptions of the fortifications, and “outfits” (guns) on them.

In the end, Nicholas initiated the First of the first restoration of the Pskov Kremlin, without any justification brought into the Gothic, and even Percy (legit wall of the Pskov Krom) refused inclined and not vertical, as it should be and, in addition, inflated by several meters, which “pulled” the error in height all surrounding areas of the fortress wall at the further restorations. Continue reading

The Gothic quarter of Barcelona

Barcelona’s Gothic quarter is situated around the Cathedral . this is the heart of the old town of Barcelona, called Barri Gòtic . hence was born the city. Therefore, starting the examination of the Cathedral, You will be easy to move from one part of town to another, walking through the narrow streets. The quarter stretches from La Rambla to Via Laietana , and from the waterfront to Ponda de Sant Pere .

As I walked from the waterfront after watching Aquarium Via via Laietana, a few blocks to the left You’ll see Gothic buildings, they will not pass. The Gothic quarter has undergone changes that occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries, some of the buildings were recovered and restored to attract tourists. The final transformation of the old town was completed in 1929 for the International exhibition, neo-Gothic work continued until 1970. The main works undertaken in the 19th and 20th centuries were connected with the restoration of Catalan architecture, such as the facade of the Cathedral was built in 1882 to 1913, with many elements of the Gothic style. Continue reading