The ancient Egyptians had many underground structures. It is easy to assume that they were illuminated by torches, or candles. Only in one building were found traces of soot, which certainly would cover the walls and ceiling. The assumption was that the lighting was provided with metal mirrors to reflect sunlight. However, the majority of underground corridors too winding. Too much you need to put the mirrors in the reflection of each subsequent mirror much brightness is lost. After the fourth reflection comes almost complete darkness.
In the burial chamber of Tutankhamun, the scientists were amazed at the wonderful frescoes that adorned its walls. Naturally, the question arose: what kind of lighting were used by the ancient wizards, putting murals on the walls? No smoke and mirrors camera could not be covered. Continue reading
“History, carved in stone,” it’s a common expression is fully applicable to the Metropolitan Museum-reserve “Kolomenskoye”. The snow-white Church of the ascension built in the XVI century the Grand Duke Vasily III. Luxurious Royal gates built in the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich. On a nearby hill stands the Church of St. John the Baptist, built in honor of his accession to the throne of Ivan the terrible. But in Kolomenskoye is another special attraction. And not man-made and natural. This is the famous Voice of the ravine, which the number of stacked legends about him significantly ahead of all other local relics.
The origin of the name “Voters ravine” experts explain in different ways. The romance associated with his “voices of nature”. Indeed, in the summer there are always singing birds, chirping crickets and roaring water in the Creek.
However, more convincing seems to be another version of the mythological. Historians believe that originally, the ravine was called “hair” by the name of Volos, or Veles, the pagan God – the ruler of the underworld and the patron of domestic animals. Continue reading
Perhaps, all have heard of Walpurgis night . when, according to legend, witches gather on a Grand Sabbath. But with a fantastic celebration called Beltain familiar to few.
In fact, Beltain (aka – Beltan, Baltan) and Walpurgis night falls on the same date – the night of 30 April on 1 may. To celebrate this event for the first time thought of the ancient Celts, who saw in it a symbol of the final victory of spring, sun and of light over evil darkness. As we know, the Celts were pagans. So it is not surprising that with the spread of Christianity, the celebration of fertility and love, merged with the day of Saint Walpurgis, national consciousness was transformed into “professional” holiday of evil forces. Something like the second, spring, Halloween, if you want.
How to relate to one of the most mysterious nights of the year, each of us is free to decide for himself. Consider Beltain beautiful calendar as a reason to tickle your nerves? Continue reading