Since the III Millennium ad, in Egypt are Grand, monumental buildings, temple complexes, irrigation and other facilities . Major construction of monumental stone buildings — wall and beam rack, which served as the basis of post-and-beam system . Of solid masonry were built with relatively simple funeral facilities — mastaba (bench), and then more complex — the ziggurats and pyramids ; post-and-beam system was used to build temples.
The Egyptians had carved huge stone blocks, which turned into obelisks, pillars and columns equal to the height of three, four storey building. Individual stone blocks were hewn diagonalise to each other without mortar. The unfolding of these blocks post-and-beam system acquired a different art form, which gradually turned into the constructive strict proportional composition (Fig. 1, a), later to be known as the order (. In the development of the Egyptian order is most clearly formed columns (pillars) and in particular the heads (capitals) (Fig. 1,b). Continue reading
The mystery of the megaliths has long been concerned about humankind. And recently
interest again increased dramatically due to the findings of megalithic
structures on the bottom of the Atlantic ocean 40 km away from Bahamas
Islands. The oldest of these facilities date back to Sach VIII
Megaliths belong to different epochs. They were erected in the VIII Millennium before
BC, they were built on the Islands of Polynesia only a few dozen years
ago. Who was the first Builder and with what purpose was created multi-ton megalithic structures? Until it is clear. Known, the megaliths obviously gravitate to the sea, and the farther from it, the less largest become of stone buildings. Legends like fog enveloped them, but there are all these legends something in common causing us again and again to conceive I over the mysterious events of the ancient the history of the Earth, left an indelible mark in the memory of man generations. Continue reading
The pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara is the oldest surviving in the world architectural buildings. It was built prominent Egyptian architect and Supreme dignitary of Djoser by Imhotep around 2650 BC as a burial structure for the Egyptian Pharaoh and his entire family. Pyramid was the first in Ancient Egypt, her height was 62 m, and the size of its Foundation was 121 109 meters.
The oldest structures also include the pyramid of Sneferu in Medumi . built around 2600 BC. The pyramid had a height of 118 meters with the base 146 146 meters. Also the oldest architectural structures are the Egyptian pyramids of Cheops and Chephren. One of the largest of the pyramids of Egypt – pyramid of Cheops is one of the seven wonders of the world, preserved to our days. Its construction began around the year 2560 BC and lasted for more than 20 years. The pyramid of Khafre was built about the year 2532 BC, it is considered the second largest ancient Egyptian pyramid, with the base 215,3 215,3 meters. Continue reading