Since the III Millennium ad, in Egypt are Grand, monumental buildings, temple complexes, irrigation and other facilities . Major construction of monumental stone buildings — wall and beam rack, which served as the basis of post-and-beam system . Of solid masonry were built with relatively simple funeral facilities — mastaba (bench), and then more complex — the ziggurats and pyramids ; post-and-beam system was used to build temples.
The Egyptians had carved huge stone blocks, which turned into obelisks, pillars and columns equal to the height of three, four storey building. Individual stone blocks were hewn diagonalise to each other without mortar. The unfolding of these blocks post-and-beam system acquired a different art form, which gradually turned into the constructive strict proportional composition (Fig. 1, a), later to be known as the order (. In the development of the Egyptian order is most clearly formed columns (pillars) and in particular the heads (capitals) (Fig. 1,b). Continue reading
The mystery of the megaliths has long been concerned about humankind. And recently
interest again increased dramatically due to the findings of megalithic
structures on the bottom of the Atlantic ocean 40 km away from Bahamas
Islands. The oldest of these facilities date back to Sach VIII
Megaliths belong to different epochs. They were erected in the VIII Millennium before
BC, they were built on the Islands of Polynesia only a few dozen years
ago. Who was the first Builder and with what purpose was created multi-ton megalithic structures? Until it is clear. Known, the megaliths obviously gravitate to the sea, and the farther from it, the less largest become of stone buildings. Legends like fog enveloped them, but there are all these legends something in common causing us again and again to conceive I over the mysterious events of the ancient the history of the Earth, left an indelible mark in the memory of man generations. Continue reading
In 2001 in the artificial Qiandaohu hotel in the Chinese province of Zhejiang, at the foot of The Shi mountain (five Mountain lions) was discovered a city called Shi Cheng (lions City). The city belongs to the Eastern Han dynasty (25-200 years), it was flooded in 1959 during the construction of the reservoir. The age of the city is 1800 years old, and its area is 62 football fields. In ancient times, Shi Cheng was an important political and economic center, unlike other cities it has five gates and not four, as was customary in that era. Shi Cheng is located at a depth of 26 to 40 meters, which was very difficult for archeologists.
The herakleon (or Heraklion) is a sunken city in the Bay of Abu-Kir near Alexandria — was once the main port of Egypt. According to legend, the town got its name in honor of Hercules, and one day he was visited by the Lovely Helen, which started the Trojan war. The city sank into the sea in the VI century and remained lost for 1200 years. Previously, Herakleon was considered just a legend, mentioned by Homer, but marine archaeologists have discovered gold coins, sculpture with a height of 4.8 m, slabs with inscriptions and sarcophagi with mummified animals. Continue reading