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The material and the construction of a Gothic Cathedral

The basis of Gothic design amounted to a cross ribbed vault (a rib – shaped protruding rib of a Gothic cross vault). Usually the edges of the arch emphasized the projecting rows of stones, and the use of Lancet arches to maintain the arches that were known in previous periods. But together these and other parts of the Gothic design has received a new Boolean value.

Scheme of ribbed vault
In Gothic has changed the system of a masonry ribbed vault. The ribs are now completed with the erection of the arch, and preceded him. 4 support was originally connected jaw arches (the arches at the ends of the arch), then threw two diagonal arches of ogive. This design was the skeleton of a future set. Forming the arch are called ribs. They were designed to bear and seal Stripping posted from lightweight slabs of stone. Ribbed arch favorably with a massive Romanesque by the fact that the point of application of the forces of gravity and thrust has Continue reading

Monastery Chelter-Marmara

Cave monastery Chelter-Marmara is located 1.5 km North-West from village Ternovka in the cliff Chelter-Kaya. The hallmark of the monastery is a huge hall of columns, the stone arch supported by the 5 strong pillars. In the Eastern part of the grotto is the Church, it is distinctly noticeable is the basis for the throne with an indentation for the relics.
Many Christian churches arose in those places that Jesus was worshiped as sacred. One such structure can be considered the cave monastery Chelter-Marmara, which occurred simultaneously with the Shuldan (VIII century), but more significant in size. Chelter translated as “grill”, Marmara – the name of the medieval village, situated at the foot of the mountains. There are more than 50 caves located in four tiers: cells, refectory, household and utility rooms, 4 Church. In ancient times they were connected by wooden stairs, balconies, galleries, looked like openwork lattice. Continue reading

The monastery of St. Theodore Stratelates (Chelter-Koba)

Chelter-Koba is one of the cave monasteries of the Crimea, which is located in Bakhchisaray region, in the valley of Belbek river, at a distance of one kilometer from the village Bolshaya Sadovaya (Tash-Basta). Translated from the Crimean Tatar language the name of Chelter-Koba means Lattice-cave or Cave grill.

Chelter-Koba is one of the cave monasteries of the Crimea, which is located in Bakhchisaray region, in the valley of Belbek river, at a distance of one kilometer from the village Bolshaya Sadovaya (Tash-Basta). Translated from the Crimean Tatar language the name of Chelter-Koba means Lattice-cave or Cave grill (çilter — grill, netting;. qoba — cave). Continue reading