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Gothic style in architecture

The style was born in France in the mid-twelfth-century contemporaries it was called French. Italian architects three centuries later, comparing it with classical Roman architecture. dubbed the style “Gothic” (ital. gotico – cruel, brutal).

The impression of Gothic structures – the aspiration of the entire structure up. Pointed arches reaching for the sky, to the top of the building becomes more slender, like a thin stalk of a plant. The Romanesque arch from heavy slabs were replaced by a more lightweight frame. Gothic arch based on the arch with protruding ribs of the frame – ribs, which distribute the load on pillars and columns. Born new Gothic shaped support column, or “beam”, of six, eight, or more columns. He reduced the load on the wall and eased overlap, which allowed to increase the interior volume of the building. Windows increased in size, which allowed to decorate their beautiful stained-glass Windows; the simple style in perfect harmony with the bright and glowing against the Sandstone colored Windows. These innovations allowed the Gothic churches the more air and light. Continue reading

Melitopol mystery dungeon

Our city is literally teeming with ancient tunnels, cellars and catacombs whose information is strictly classified. The presence of these underground structures provides food for many urban legends and spooky stories. Many of them actually are true…

Our city is literally teeming with ancient tunnels, cellars and catacombs whose information is strictly classified. The presence of these underground structures provides food for many urban legends and spooky stories. Many of them actually are true…

Museum secrets

The presence of various underground constructions (shelters, bunkers and underground tunnels) in Melitopol became a byword. For clarification on this topic “Our town” appealed to the employees of Museum of local lore.

In different times the Museum was approached by people asking for help to find information about underground tunnels, or the people who are interested in Melitopol dungeons. Continue reading

Victorian style in America

In the second half of the 19th century, architects in the United States of America began to lose interest in Greco-Roman classicism and began to create new styles based on medieval and other non-classical forms of building. Continuing to be inspired by old and new foreign models, they have shown and their own ingenuity.

This is made possible by combining new building technologies, a great number of publications on architecture and home Economics, abundance of raw materials and financial capabilities and desires of Americans to build their own houses. One of the most important technological advances was the adoption of the so-called “balloon frame” (block-rack frame), in which the frame of the house could be made of homogeneous wood. More and more commercial companies to begin making these products.

The design of the frame consisted of inexpensive boards, about four to ten centimeters, of which turned uprights and floor beams, connected by nails cheap mass production. Continue reading