Since the III Millennium ad, in Egypt are Grand, monumental buildings, temple complexes, irrigation and other facilities . Major construction of monumental stone buildings — wall and beam rack, which served as the basis of post-and-beam system . Of solid masonry were built with relatively simple funeral facilities — mastaba (bench), and then more complex — the ziggurats and pyramids ; post-and-beam system was used to build temples.
The Egyptians had carved huge stone blocks, which turned into obelisks, pillars and columns equal to the height of three, four storey building. Individual stone blocks were hewn diagonalise to each other without mortar. The unfolding of these blocks post-and-beam system acquired a different art form, which gradually turned into the constructive strict proportional composition (Fig. 1, a), later to be known as the order (. In the development of the Egyptian order is most clearly formed columns (pillars) and in particular the heads (capitals) (Fig. 1,b). Continue reading
Perhaps, all have heard of Walpurgis night . when, according to legend, witches gather on a Grand Sabbath. But with a fantastic celebration called Beltain familiar to few.
In fact, Beltain (aka – Beltan, Baltan) and Walpurgis night falls on the same date – the night of 30 April on 1 may. To celebrate this event for the first time thought of the ancient Celts, who saw in it a symbol of the final victory of spring, sun and of light over evil darkness. As we know, the Celts were pagans. So it is not surprising that with the spread of Christianity, the celebration of fertility and love, merged with the day of Saint Walpurgis, national consciousness was transformed into “professional” holiday of evil forces. Something like the second, spring, Halloween, if you want.
How to relate to one of the most mysterious nights of the year, each of us is free to decide for himself. Consider Beltain beautiful calendar as a reason to tickle your nerves? Continue reading
Tomsk underground: reality rooted in the myths? Engaged in the study of problems of Tomsk dungeons, I was amazed at the abundance of witnesses. They said that during excavation works in the basement or on the coastal slopes of the rivers found underground passages, and fortified with larch struts and timbers, or brick vaults. My University classmate Tomic Gregory Dubner claimed that the failure of the Gromov near bath saw the underground passage gigantic, fortified by a brick arch.
Dungeons very often met in the preparation of pits for construction. In 2003 Boris Maltsev, in a live interview on TV-2, Tomsk devoted to the dungeons, challenging me, said that most of them faced with them, being a Builder, and that they laid Tomsk merchants.
Along with the stories of eyewitnesses, Tomsk catacombs devoted to the huge wave of rumors. Scosta rumor attributes them to an enormous size. Area this object supposedly goes far beyond the scope of modern Tomsk, and there are moves under Tom. In depth, they extend far beyond imagination. According to rumors, under the current prospectus of Lenin is a huge underground passage, he is called “the Tomsk station”. Oddly enough, the frequent failures of soil along the Avenue casinobaccarat this rumor. But this is only rumored. Continue reading