The history of the Ancient world
The natural conditions of Ancient China. In Southeast Asia, cut off from the world by high mountains, lies the Great plain of China. In ancient times it was covered with…

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The oldest building in the world
The pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara is the oldest surviving in the world architectural buildings. It was built prominent Egyptian architect and Supreme dignitary of Djoser by Imhotep around 2650…

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churches

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Monastery Chelter-Marmara

Cave monastery Chelter-Marmara is located 1.5 km North-West from village Ternovka in the cliff Chelter-Kaya. The hallmark of the monastery is a huge hall of columns, the stone arch supported by the 5 strong pillars. In the Eastern part of the grotto is the Church, it is distinctly noticeable is the basis for the throne with an indentation for the relics.
Many Christian churches arose in those places that Jesus was worshiped as sacred. One such structure can be considered the cave monastery Chelter-Marmara, which occurred simultaneously with the Shuldan (VIII century), but more significant in size. Chelter translated as “grill”, Marmara – the name of the medieval village, situated at the foot of the mountains. There are more than 50 caves located in four tiers: cells, refectory, household and utility rooms, 4 Church. In ancient times they were connected by wooden stairs, balconies, galleries, looked like openwork lattice. Continue reading

Gothic style in architecture

The style was born in France in the mid-twelfth-century contemporaries it was called French. Italian architects three centuries later, comparing it with classical Roman architecture. dubbed the style “Gothic” (ital. gotico – cruel, brutal).

The impression of Gothic structures – the aspiration of the entire structure up. Pointed arches reaching for the sky, to the top of the building becomes more slender, like a thin stalk of a plant. The Romanesque arch from heavy slabs were replaced by a more lightweight frame. Gothic arch based on the arch with protruding ribs of the frame – ribs, which distribute the load on pillars and columns. Born new Gothic shaped support column, or “beam”, of six, eight, or more columns. He reduced the load on the wall and eased overlap, which allowed to increase the interior volume of the building. Windows increased in size, which allowed to decorate their beautiful stained-glass Windows; the simple style in perfect harmony with the bright and glowing against the Sandstone colored Windows. These innovations allowed the Gothic churches the more air and light. Continue reading

Kachi-Kalyon

Kachi Kalion rock is situated on the spurs of the Inner ridge of the Crimean mountains, eight kilometres to the South of Bakhchisaray. Popular version of interpretation Kachi-Kalion – “cross ship” – with a known share of imagination on the cliff you can see the miraculous likeness of the Grand cross, formed by rock fractures.
Kachi Kalion rock is situated on the spurs of the Inner ridge of the Crimean mountains, eight kilometres to the South of Bakhchisaray. Reliable data on the origin of the name Kachi-Kalion yet. Popular version of interpretation as “cross ship” – with a known share of imagination on the cliff you can see the miraculous likeness of the Grand cross, formed by rock fractures. Like other Byzantine fortifications, the citadel has arisen in VI century the fortress Area of about 1.5 ha. In areas of gentle sloping can see the remains of a defensive wall made of hewn blocks and gate protected with a rectangular tower. Rock cuttings settlement are located in five natural grottoes and around them, there are about 150 different rooms, connected by terraces and staircases, wooden structures which, of course, did not survive. Continue reading

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