The oldest building in the world

The pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara is the oldest surviving in the world architectural buildings. It was built prominent Egyptian architect and Supreme dignitary of Djoser by Imhotep around 2650 BC as a burial structure for the Egyptian Pharaoh and his entire family. Pyramid was the first in Ancient Egypt, her height was 62 m, and the size of its Foundation was 121 109 meters.

The oldest structures also include the pyramid of Sneferu in Medumi . built around 2600 BC. The pyramid had a height of 118 meters with the base 146 146 meters. Also the oldest architectural structures are the Egyptian pyramids of Cheops and Chephren. One of the largest of the pyramids of Egypt – pyramid of Cheops is one of the seven wonders of the world, preserved to our days. Its construction began around the year 2560 BC and lasted for more than 20 years. The pyramid of Khafre was built about the year 2532 BC, it is considered the second largest ancient Egyptian pyramid, with the base 215,3 215,3 meters. Continue reading

Dolmens in the Crimea: the mysterious “Taurus boxes”

Dolmen s is one of the most well-known types of megalithic structures – usually associated with Western Europe. The word “dolmen”, meaning “stone table”, refers to the Celtic group of languages. Therefore, the dolmens in the Crimea often cause surprise among wide sections of the public. But the Crimean dolmens are interesting to scientists because they differ from most of European or Caucasian dolmens.

Dolmens in Crimea – these dolmens

Around the Crimean dolmens there is a lot of speculation. They occur usually among the enthusiasts, for whom the dolmens have some kind of mystical and esoteric meaning. In the first place can be found the assertion that the dolmens in Crimea allegedly “genuine” dolmens and mysterious modification of ancient buildings. For “true” same issue numerous dolmens the dolmens of the North Caucasus, with specific design features. The most well-known Caucasian dolmens, megalithic structures of four massive stone slabs. Three panels installed vertically, the fourth was placed on top, forming a unique cover. The remaining blank side of the laid stones, and in this wall were left round otvetstvennogo diameter. Continue reading

Admiral St Volodymyr’s Cathedral

The Cathedral laid on 15 July 1854 on the Central city hill. During the war, 1854-55 work were preostanovlena and continued only in 1858 the Cathedral was built in Byzantine style by the Professor of architecture K. A. Ton, the original project was modified and changed by academician A. A. Avdeyev.
The history of the Cathedral began in 1825, when chief commander of the black sea fleet and the ports Admiral A. S. Graig asked the Imperial permission to install a monument on the ruins of Chersonese, where they were baptised kN. Vladimir and where started the spread of the Orthodox faith in Russia. In 1829 a competition was announced for the monument. Was approved the project of architect K. A. ton (1794 – 1881) – a five-dome Cathedral in Russian and Byzantine style, combining characteristic elements and forms of old Russian architecture with elements and forms of Byzantine architecture. Continue reading