Since the III Millennium ad, in Egypt are Grand, monumental buildings, temple complexes, irrigation and other facilities . Major construction of monumental stone buildings — wall and beam rack, which served as the basis of post-and-beam system . Of solid masonry were built with relatively simple funeral facilities — mastaba (bench), and then more complex — the ziggurats and pyramids ; post-and-beam system was used to build temples.
The Egyptians had carved huge stone blocks, which turned into obelisks, pillars and columns equal to the height of three, four storey building. Individual stone blocks were hewn diagonalise to each other without mortar. The unfolding of these blocks post-and-beam system acquired a different art form, which gradually turned into the constructive strict proportional composition (Fig. 1, a), later to be known as the order (. In the development of the Egyptian order is most clearly formed columns (pillars) and in particular the heads (capitals) (Fig. 1,b). Continue reading
The ancient Egyptians had many underground structures. It is easy to assume that they were illuminated by torches, or candles. Only in one building were found traces of soot, which certainly would cover the walls and ceiling. The assumption was that the lighting was provided with metal mirrors to reflect sunlight. However, the majority of underground corridors too winding. Too much you need to put the mirrors in the reflection of each subsequent mirror much brightness is lost. After the fourth reflection comes almost complete darkness.
In the burial chamber of Tutankhamun, the scientists were amazed at the wonderful frescoes that adorned its walls. Naturally, the question arose: what kind of lighting were used by the ancient wizards, putting murals on the walls? No smoke and mirrors camera could not be covered. Continue reading
Almost simultaneously with the pyramids of Egypt on the planet appeared strange buildings of the origin of megalithic dolmens . Some of them are huge and equal in its dimensions to Stonehenge, and others tiny. However, they both present an interesting finding, which is attractive to tourists and locals.
Very entertaining the fact that many years of research have not given a final answer to the question of what actually are the dolmens in Sochi . Take, for example, the tombs of the pharaohs. 2000 years of our era, mankind has studied them enough that has knowledge, the superior knowledge of those people who created these tombs. Alas, the same cannot be said about the dolmens, which are a mystery to scientists to this day.
About the creators of these megaliths there are legends that cannot be confirmed by any historical source, because 4,000 years ago the indigenous peoples had no writing system. So scientists have to build their guesses: some find that dolmens are tombs, others see them as observatories and temples. Some believe that the origin of the dolmen the divine or alien. Continue reading