Since the III Millennium ad, in Egypt are Grand, monumental buildings, temple complexes, irrigation and other facilities . Major construction of monumental stone buildings — wall and beam rack, which served as the basis of post-and-beam system . Of solid masonry were built with relatively simple funeral facilities — mastaba (bench), and then more complex — the ziggurats and pyramids ; post-and-beam system was used to build temples.
The Egyptians had carved huge stone blocks, which turned into obelisks, pillars and columns equal to the height of three, four storey building. Individual stone blocks were hewn diagonalise to each other without mortar. The unfolding of these blocks post-and-beam system acquired a different art form, which gradually turned into the constructive strict proportional composition (Fig. 1, a), later to be known as the order (. In the development of the Egyptian order is most clearly formed columns (pillars) and in particular the heads (capitals) (Fig. 1,b). Continue reading
Sharp wooden spire of the bell tower rises above the stone Church. Only up close you can see that this is not one, but two separate buildings, standing very close is the bell tower built in the XVIII century near the facade of the Gothic Church, which for three hundred years older. Stone temple Dating back to the XIV century, the outside does not seem particularly interesting. Neatly whitewashed small single-nave Church-the Church, built in a defensive style. However, the outward simplicity of the temple is deceptive. Special historical and artistic value is covered with paintings of the XVIII century the ceiling. It is made of wood and divided into 60 squares (tiles), each with painted stylized floral ornaments. The name of a carpenter working on the ceiling, you know – his name was Sandor Ferenc. On one of the wooden squares, the wizard left the image plane, and the other set a date of 1753. But the name of the artist history is silent.
Special glamor attached to the ceiling of the temple Matt black, white and gold colours of the squares on which the unknown painter has caused the amazing beauty of the patterns. Continue reading
The mystery of the megaliths has long been concerned about humankind. And recently
interest again increased dramatically due to the findings of megalithic
structures on the bottom of the Atlantic ocean 40 km away from Bahamas
Islands. The oldest of these facilities date back to Sach VIII
Megaliths belong to different epochs. They were erected in the VIII Millennium before
BC, they were built on the Islands of Polynesia only a few dozen years
ago. Who was the first Builder and with what purpose was created multi-ton megalithic structures? Until it is clear. Known, the megaliths obviously gravitate to the sea, and the farther from it, the less largest become of stone buildings. Legends like fog enveloped them, but there are all these legends something in common causing us again and again to conceive I over the mysterious events of the ancient the history of the Earth, left an indelible mark in the memory of man generations. Continue reading